Legal Notice

AMBOSS is a service of

Sachsenring 73
50677 Cologne

Registered office

Commercial Register of Cologne
District court under HRB 33282

Turnover tax identification number

DE 812 958 640

Managing Directors

Dr. med. Madjid Salimi, Dr. med. Nawid Salimi, Benedikt Hochkirchen


Our representative and wholly-owned subsidiary in the US:


234 5th Avenue, 2nd Floor
New York, NY, 10001




Limitation of liability

The contents of this website have been prepared with the utmost care. However, AMBOSS GmbH cannot guarantee that the information provided is complete, accurate, and up-to-date. The use of contents on the website is at the user’s own risk. The use of the AMBOSS GmbH website without registration shall not constitute a contractual relationship between the user and the provider. The provided contents and information are academic in nature and shall serve for information and study purposes only. AMBOSS GmbH does not make diagnoses and expressly does not give advice or recommendations regarding the treatment of specific individual cases of disease. The service is not suited for consultation in the treatment of specific individual cases of disease and shall not under any circumstance substitute for a visit to a health care professional. AMBOSS GmbH shall not assume liability for procedure, treatment, or dosage information. Any procedure, treatment, or dosage applied by the user is at the user’s own risk. The correctness of information regarding procedures, treatments, and dosages must be verified by the user on a case-by-case basis using the appropriate resources (manufacturer information, package inserts, etc.). Unless explicitly stated otherwise, treatment recommendations and dosages refer to adults. While the expert information made available by AMBOSS GmbH has been compiled by medical experts, it shall not be regarded as a substitute for a personal and professional consultation and treatment by a trained and certified specialist.

The Resources are intended for physicians, other healthcare professionals, and medical students. By using the Resources, you represent and warrant that you have the right, authority, and capacity to agree to and abide by these terms, policies and conditions, and that you are not prohibited from using the Resources or any portion thereof.

The information and tools that we make available through the Resources are provided for educational and informational purposes only.

If you are a healthcare professional, while we hope you find the Resources useful to you, they are in no way intended to serve as a diagnostic service or platform, to provide certainty with respect to a diagnosis, to recommend a particular product or therapy or to otherwise substitute for the clinical judgment of a qualified healthcare professional. You agree that you will not use the Resources with the intention of creating any kind of physician/patient relationship, e.g., to diagnose or treat users. You are solely responsible for evaluating the information obtained from the Resources and for your use or misuse of such information in connection with your treatment decisions or otherwise. You agree that you shall be solely responsible for your compliance with all laws and standards of professional practice applicable to you and the practice of medicine or other relevant health profession.

If you are a medical student, the Resources provided by AMBOSS should be used only as a tool to assist you in preparing for licensing exams and for no other purpose. The Resources are not intended to replace the traditional classroom education experience and are solely intended as a review of the important testable material. AMBOSS makes no representations or warranties of any kind whatsoever regarding the outcome of any exams that you are preparing to take or may take after using the Resources provided by AMBOSS. AMBOSS is in no way affiliated with the NBME, the FSMB, the USMLE, or any other governing licensing body.

If you are a consumer who chooses to access the information made available through the Resources, you should not rely on that information as professional medical advice or use the Resources as a replacement for any relationship with your physician or other qualified healthcare professional. For medical concerns, including decisions about medications and other treatments, consumers should always consult their physician or, in serious cases, seek immediate assistance from emergency medical personnel. The Website and the Resources do not constitute the practice of any medical, nursing or other professional healthcare advice, diagnosis or treatment.

External Links

Despite meticulous scrutiny regarding the linking to and embedding of external content, AMBOSS GmbH shall not be liable for contents hosted on external websites. The operators of external websites shall be solely responsible for the content hosted on said websites, even if they are linked to or embedded in and/or any of its subsites.

Property rights

The contents hosted on this website are subject to German copyright law and ancillary copyright law. Any use not permitted by German copyright law and ancillary copyright law requires the prior written consent of the provider or the respective rights holder. This applies in particular to copying, editing, translation, storage, processing, and rendition of contents in databases or other electronic media and systems. The unauthorised reproduction or transfer of individual contents or complete pages is not permitted and is liable to prosecution.

The rendition of this website in external frames is only permitted with written permission.